The designation of this group as distinct from Sumatran orangutans means that they are a very small population of their own, and also that there are 800 fewer Sumatran orangutans than before. There is also the danger that the partner countries could unwittingly become dependent on China, as Sri Lanka has done after being unable to service Chinese loans related to a BRI infrastructure project. In April 2015, the Malaysian government declared the Bornean rhinoceros to be extinct in the wild in the Malaysian portion of Borneo, with only two individuals left in captivity in the state of Sabah. An orangutan sanctuary at Bukit Lawang is located within the park. A new great ape species—the Tapanuli orangutan—was officially announced by an international team of scientists today. The areas that have separated from South Tapanuli Regency are the new regencies of Mandailing Natal, Padang Lawas Utara and Padang Lawas, all lying to the south-east of the residual South Tapanuli Regency, plus the city (kota) of Padang Sidempuan. “There is a third species of orangutan and somehow nobody noticed”, wrote New Scientist in November 2017. At present, the New Silk Road is still more of a patchwork of large-scale projects than an obviously coherent plan. The Tapanuli orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis) is distinguished from other orangutan populations based on morphological and genomic evidence. Orangutans are great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia. The Lion Recovery Fund is proud to announce a new collaboration with Disney in celebration of The Lion King that will help recover lions in Africa and inspire lion conservation in the hearts and minds of people around the world. “It’s critical to address the many threats to their habitat if we want to secure their future.”. The forests also provide protection against erosion and flooding. It's known that, at least among Sumatran orangutans, females give birth to only one child every eight or nine years, so their ability to rebound is very low. Here are the seven major problems with nuclear energy. The research was published in the journal Current Biology. Over the next decade, the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme (SOCP), together with other non-governmental organizations, universities, and Indonesian authorities, focused on learning more about the population. It has seven. But studies of their genome, morphology and behavior have shown that this orangutan is a distinct species. The Bornean rhinoceros, also known as Eastern Sumatran rhinoceros or Eastern hairy rhinoceros, is one of the three subspecies of Sumatran rhinoceros. However, in March 2016, a young female rhino was captured in East Kalimantan, providing solid evidence of their continued existence. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. With 800 or fewer individuals, the Tapanuli orangutan is the rarest of all great apes. News and updates Call to action. You can help keep this newly discovered species just by sharing this story, spreading the word to your friends and family about the threats to orangutans in Indonesia. Do we really want to sentence our closest relatives to death for a couple hundred megawatts of electricity? Orangutans share approximately 97% of their DNA with humans. “If steps are not taken quickly to reduce current and future threats to conserve every last remaining bit of forest,” the scientists point out in their article, “we may see the discovery and extinction of a great ape species within our lifetime.”. In Batang Toru Forest, the state-owned Chinese hydropower company Sinohydro wants to build a dam for a 510 MW power plant as part of China's Belt & Road mega-infrastructure initiative. The Tapanuli orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis) is a species of orangutan restricted to South Tapanuli in the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. It is genetically, physically, and even behaviorally different than the other two species of orangutans. The Sumatran orangutan is one of the three species of orangutans. "Orangutans reproduce extremely slowly, and if more than 1% of the population is lost annually this will spiral them to extinction", added Prof. Dr. Serge Wich, of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group’s Section on Great Apes. [2] The skull and teeth of the Batang Toru male differ significantly from those of the other two orangutan species. It is precisely in this ecologically crucial area that Sinohydro is planning a dam for a 510MW power plant. Toru River or Batang Toru is a river in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, about 1200 km northwest of the capital Jakarta. This includes the expansion of transport routes, numerous infrastructure projects and the development of markets in Central and Southeast Asia, Africa and Europe. In a letter hand-delivered on Monday, July 9th, 25 world-leading scientists from ALERT urged Indonesian President Joko Widodo to halt a hydropower project in northern Sumatra that would imperil the rarest great ape in the world. With their long, wavy hair, the orangutans in the forests of Tapanuli in North Sumatra, Indonesia, are strikingly different than their relatives elsewhere on Sumatra and on Borneo. The relationship of China and its neighbors in Asia will be crucial for the conservation or loss of biodiversity, for the global climate and for the future of indigenous people and subsistence farmers. South Tapanuli is a regency in North Sumatra, Indonesia. By Kristin Hugo On 11/2/17 at 12:49 PM EDT . T The population was rediscovered by an expedition to the area in 1997, but it was not recognized as a distinct species then. PNSHE has already acquired 559 hectares of the planned 645 hectares. There are three species of orangutan. Sumatra and Borneo were interconnected at the time because of the low sea level. The Tapanuli orangutan is the rarest great ape in the world, with only an estimated 800 of the primates remaining. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies the subspecies as critically endangered. According to the findings, the Tapanuli orangutan is in fact more closely related to the Bornean orangutan than it is to the Sumatran orangutans living further north, in and around the Leuser Ecosystem, in Aceh and North Sumatra Provinces. As a result, the data collected clearly identified three distinct evolutionary lineages among all orangutans.The discovery of a new species of great ape in the 21st century is a cause for celebration. From 1996, they were divided into two species: the Bornean orangutan and the Sumatran orangutan. The orangutans are the only surviving species of the subfamily Ponginae, who split from humans, chimpanzees and gorillas 19.3 to 15.7 million years ago (mya). The Tapanuli’s high-altitude habitat – living some 900-1,100 metres above sea level – sets them apart in this regard. [2] [8] The holotype is stored in the Zoological Museum of Bogor. The Tapanuli orangutan, discovered just last year in the forests of Sumatra in Indonesia is on the brink of extinction, and a … According to the findings, the Tapanuli orangutan is in fact more closely related to the Bornean orangutan than it is to the Sumatran orangutans living further north, in and around the Leuser Ecosystem, in Aceh and North Sumatra Provinces. Make a symbolic orangutan adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. In traditional and non-scientific use, the term "ape" excludes humans, and can include tailless primates taxonomically considered monkeys, and is thus not equivalent to the scientific taxon Hominoidea. Declining orangutan population in the unprotected forest of Batang Toru. It's especially surprising that scientists were able to find this species of ape because apes are among the most well-studied animals on the planet.