If the pipe to be bended was screwed I would always put a line coupling on one end with a plug in it & a sleeve with a "cheater" screwen into the other end to add length to the pull. Water with sand? One of the most common ways to bend pipes without a machine is by using a blow torch. I used a small carriage bolt that fit snugly in the end. You may have to make several practice bends before you become comfortable with this technique.

Yes , but this is for people who don't have a bending table or a hydraulic bender in the workshop I was just adding information that might help a home mechanic as would your info about using the rags to hold the sand in .And yeah I've been a pipefitter over 30 years . I used beach sand. Ralph received his B.S. When bending pipe you want to make sure that the pipe is level or you can end up with a twist in it. Leather is one of the best materials for this type of work.

How To Bend Conduit & Pipe with a Bender Bending conduit can be frustrating without the proper materials. Wall thickness, type of pipe material, copper, steel etc., diameter, and angle desired. You will likely need a lot of leverage to bend the pipe. It worked for me! There are two types of springs available: internal and external. Other angle marks. Two 90° stub up bends on opposite sides of the conduit, with both stubs moving in the same direction. When you heat it if sealed it will explode and hot sand burns aren't fun (ask a foundry worker). Indeed, nice tutorial on a clever idea.

For all practical purposes, the bending method you described would apply to both. I learned that I could avoid those problems by filling the tube with salt before bending. Place the bender on the conduit facing the free end that is opposite the original bend you made in step 2. Plan ahead - the end closest to the bend will likely have to be cut off and discarded. Not just small stuff. Thanks for your addition, too. Believe it or not, sand is an invaluable material for ensuring an even bend. Bend a test pipe at a 90-degree angle. Remember that all methods of bending copper pipes involve supporting them in the best way possible. To check the angle of your pipe, lay it against a carpenter's square with the outer bend facing the corner of the square. Reply We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Clean out the sand. Make sure your initial measurements are correct. If the curve in your pipe is not at the correct angle, just place it back in the bender and adjust the bend. If you’re still having difficulty bending the pipe, rope in someone else to help. Remove the conduit from the bender and check the angles. I've worked with pipe for 39 years, sir. After making each bend, lay the pipe against your frame to check that the angle of the bend is correct. Also, make sure you take proper safety precautions  when using a blow torch, such as wearing goggles and thick gloves. Mark the beginning and end of the desired bend, along with a longitudinal line on the side of the pipe opposite to the... Bend a test pipe 90 degrees to use as a reference. Otherwise you can end up with a pipe bomb ... a very bad thing :-( Thanks for sharing . The tool should fit the correct sized conduit tube that you need to use. Offset bends. That will produce steam which is 212 degrees, hot!! The pipe will not grow in length if you bend it properly so that it does not collapse across its diameter. Bending pipe 2 inches (5 cm) or more in diameter is best left to a professional. The sand should be nice and compact to stop the pipe from buckling. Plus, not all tubing is measured by outside diameter, either. Starting from the BACK of the bend, measure the distance calculated in step 1 and mark the conduit. Then pour the sand into the pipe, while hitting the side of the pipe with a ball pein hammer. Make sure there is a decent amount of space either side of the area you want to bend so that you can get a good grip when bending. Choosing the Right Pipe for Underground Utility Applications, 10 (free end height) – 5 (adjustment from table) = 5” (stub height), 875 (Total Shrink) + 16 (Distance to Obstacle) = 17.875 (First Mark), 5 (Offset Distance) X 1.4 (Constance Multiplier) = 7 (Second Mark), Choosing the Right Pipe for Underground Utilities Applications, Choosing Enclosures & Pads for Electrical & Underground Utilities, Determining Proper ANSI Load Ratings for Underground Pull Boxes, How to Calculate Underground Pull Box Sizing, Formulas for Calculating Conduit & Pipe Bends. I used a rod to tamp the sand but what really packed it in was tapping (bouncing) the pipe on a concrete paving stone. Keep the conduit flat, using foot pressure to roll up the conduit to the 45 degree angle mark on the bender.

Measure the distance between the objects (often walls or joists) where the back to back bend will need to fit. Sand can be damp enough, or just air expansion itself, again depending on size, material, and wall thicknesses. A four-point saddle offers more clearance than a three-point saddle.