Mobile connections outnumber landline connections by a wide margin. Tripura lies in a geographically disadvantageous location in India, as only one major highway, the National Highway 8, connects it with the rest of the country. [119] It constitutes 0.3 per cent of India's population. [69] Geographic isolation and communication bottleneck coupled with insufficient infrastructure have restricted economic growth of the state. All rights reserved. (2010). Some of the special schools include Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, residential schools run by Tripura Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (TTWREIS),[107] missionary organisations like St. Paul's, Area (sq km) Population. Asked by Wiki User. [85]:140, Tripura has an 856 km (532 mi) long international border with Bangladesh, of which 777.4 km (483.1 mi) is fenced, as of 2012. [68] In 2009, the tertiary sector of the economy (service industries) was the largest contributor to the gross domestic product of the state, contributing 53.98 per cent of the state's economy compared to 23.07 per cent from the primary sector (agriculture, forestry, mining) and 22.95 per cent from the secondary sector (industrial and manufacturing). It is a full-time Agartala-based news channel. However, in view of the improvement in the situation and fewer terrorist activities being reported, the Tripura government in June 2013 reduced operational areas of the AFSPA to 30 police station areas. Open defecation has created problems of diarrhea and vulnerability to malaria. The major railway stations in this line are in Agartala, Dharmanagar, and Kumarghat. [84] However, the highway is single lane and of poor quality; often landslides, rains or other disruptions on the highway cut the state off from its neighbours. North Tripura... 7,713: 8,761 → Dharmanagar: Nagar Panchayat: North Tripura: 25,897: … [24][25]:93, Since the partition of India, many Hindu Bengalis have migrated to Tripura as refugees fleeing religious persecution in Muslim-majority East Pakistan, especially after 1949. The main political parties are the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Left Front, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress along with regional parties like IPFT and INPT. [31]:4 The intervening synclines are the Agartala–Udaipur, Khowai–Teliamura, Kamalpur–Ambasa, Kailasahar–Manu and Dharmanagar–Kanchanpur valleys. for sustainable development", "Bangladesh violence hits border trade in Tripura", "Tripura-Bangladesh border fencing to boost trade", "Sub-regional relations in the eastern South Asia: with special focus on India's North Eastern region", "Tripura seeks help from Centre after SpiceJet announces suspension of operation", "How to reach Tripura by international bus service", "Dhaka-Agartala bus service agreement signed", "Progress of Akhaura-Agartala rail link to be reviewed on December 4", "Drug smuggling rampant on Tripura-Bangla border", "List of newspapers categorized by the state Government as per advertisement guidelines – 2009", "Impact and penetration of mass media in North East and J and K regions", "President inaugurates ONGC Tripura power plant", PM Modi inaugurates second unit of Palatana power project in Tripura, BHEL commissions second gas-based power plant in Tripura, "Commissioning of Monarchak power project uncertain: NEEPCO", Urea plant to become operational in Tripura in 3 years, ONGC sets sight on Bangladesh for fertiliser sale from Tripura, "Tripura Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (TTWREIS)", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "Agartala Government Medical College website", "Tripura Medical College and Hospital website", "List of Professional Colleges in Tripura", "National Family Health Survey (NFHS – 3), 2005–06", "Malaria deaths put Tripura on high alert", "Provisional population totals paper 2 of 2011: Tripura", "Provisional population totals at a glance figure : 2011 – Tripura", "HDI and GDI estimates for India and the states/UTs: results and analysis", "Tripura data highlights: the scheduled tribes", "State wise scheduled tribes: Lo Tripura", "2011 Indian Census: Language and Mother Tongue", https://m.timesofindia.com/city/Kolkata/every-5th-bengali-speaker-lives-outside-bengal/amp_articleshow/64770649.cms}}, "Report of the commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)", "Population by religion community – 2017", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "Tripura sculptures, rock images speak of glorious past", "Dipa Karmakar becomes 1st Indian woman gymnast to qualify for Rio Olympics", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tripura&oldid=987688461, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [40] Tripura hosts three different types of ecosystems: mountain, forest and freshwater. [13]:155 However, it is unclear whether the extent of modern Tripura is coterminous with Kirat Desh. He added that the South Tripura district would be divided to create a new district — Gomati, comprising present Udaipur, Amarpur and the newly created Karbook subdivisions. Communism in the state had its beginnings in the pre-independence era, inspired by freedom struggle activities in Bengal, and culminating in regional parties with communist leanings. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. [114] The health care infrastructure is divided into three tiers – the primary health care network, a secondary care system comprising district and sub-divisional hospitals and tertiary hospitals providing speciality and super speciality care. Bir Chandra Manikya (1862–1896) modelled his administration on the pattern of British India, and enacted reforms including the formation of Agartala Municipal Corporation. The state government through its Tripura Industrial Policy and Tripura Industrial Incentives Scheme, 2012, has offered heavy subsidies in capital investment and transport, preferences in government procurement, waivers in tender processes and fees, yet the impact has been not much significant beyond a few industries being set up in the Bodhjungnagar Industrial Growth Center. The vanishing herds: the wild water buffalo. Despite the inherent limitation and constraints coupled with severe resources for investing in basic infrastructure, this has brought consistency progress in the quality of life and income of people cutting across all sections of society. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The sculptures at the archaeological sites Unakoti, Pilak and Devtamura provide historical evidence of artistic fusion between organised and tribal religions. The major airlines are AirAsia India, Air India and Indigo Airlines. [46] Gumti is also an Important Bird Area. [138] Elements of Bengali culture, such as Bengali literature, Bengali music, and Bengali cuisine are widespread, particularly in the urban areas of the state. North Tripura district. [65] The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) was first enforced in Tripura on 16 February 1997 when terrorism was at its peak in the state.