In Mississippi, it was 9.3 in 2015 — more than twice Cuba’s. But how could a country under a communist regime achieve such great success in the medical field? He said a principal reason that some health standards in Cuba approach the high American level is that the Cuban system emphasizes early intervention. Cuba prides itself on combining the best of high-tech and low-tech care. [14] Beginning in 1960, the Ministry of Public Health began a program of nationalization and regionalization of medical services. in Cuba", which means that "formally eliciting critical narratives about health care would be viewed as a criminal act both for me as a researcher, and for people who spoke openly with me". Dr. Jaime Suchlicki of the University of Miami’s Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies explains this. Cuba’s health care system also follows a proactive structural approach. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 116,300 academics and researchers from 3,774 institutions. If your baby girl was born in 2015 in Cuba, she could expect to live until 82. Cuba has been free of polio since 1963, but continues with mass immunization campaigns. The current population of Cuba is 11.5million (2016.) Uninsured people go to the emergency room, pushing costs up for the system as a whole. In addition, innovative products, equipment and supplies from the Cuban medical-pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry have been used; among which two approved vaccine candidates stand out that are in the clinical trial stage. This may be the reason why many more medical professionals are currently being trained across Cuba to help fill the void left by those sent around the globe. [20], Loss of Soviet subsidies brought food shortages to Cuba in the early 1990s. [87], Cuban medical professionals are not paid high salaries by international standards. Clinic visits are free, and the focus is on preventing disease rather than treating it. Let’s say you are pregnant, and at risk for complications. It is no surprise therefore, that the secretary general of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, during a visit to Cuba hailed its healthcare service as, “a model for many countries”. Poor facilities—buildings in poor state of repair and mostly outdated. They're just very dedicated". [37], Polyclinics are community-based clinics that house primary care specialists. The Latin American School of Medicine (Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina) is one of the largest medical schools in the western hemisphere with thousands of students from over 100 different countries. "Cuban Medical Internationalism and the Development of the Latin American School of Medicine, Robert Huish and John M. Kirk (2007), Latin American Perspectives, 34;77. You’ll be evaluated every year and about every three months if you have a chronic illness. Extensive involvement of "patient" and the public in decision making at all levels. [30] Such third-country transactions only cost an estimated 2%–3% more than purchases from the U.S. as a result of higher shipping costs. The island nation scores better than the United States when it comes to infant mortality and life expectancy. In that sense, the capacities in terms of infrastructure, organization and human capital of the Public Health System have been decisive, with the characteristics of being unique, free and accessible to 100 percent of the population. The Cuban government has been financing the social services, including healthcare, by extracting the surplus value of workers’ wages, which of course can be problematic with lack of high wages for workers. Note: this source quotes data selectively and may not be reliable. Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. [36] These teams' role combine the importance of focusing on both public health and clinical medicine. An infant mortality rate of 4.2 per thousand births (compared with a rate of 3.5 per thousand births in the UK in 2015), life expectancy of 77 years for men and 81 years for women (on par with the UK’s life expectancy of 79 years for men and 83 years for women), and a doctor to patient ratio of one per 150, which surpasses many developed nations (UK ratio from the latest World Bank data is 2.8 doctors per 1,000 patients). In addition, the act forbid ships that dock in Cuban ports from docking in U.S. ports for six months. [82] The Cuban government blames the shortages on the embargo and states that those with more severe chronic diseases receive medicines. That’s also the life expectancy for all African-American girls. "Cuban doctors defect from Venezuela posts", "The Cuban Revolution and Infant Mortality: A Synthetic Control Approach", Cuba's Health in Transition and the Central and Eastern European, "The Paradox of Good Health and Poverty: Assessing Cuban Health Outcomes under Castro" by Vincent Geloso and Gilbert Berdine, Cubans Reap Health Rewards With Preventive Medicine Strategy, Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations, Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (MINFAR), Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Healthcare_in_Cuba&oldid=987845958, Articles with disputed statements from March 2018, Wikipedia articles with style issues from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. If you have gray hair, we recommend you use one of these 11 shampoos to protect the integrity and color of your strands. Now look at populations within the national U.S. number. The substitute that the Cuban government provides is more educational opportunities and foreign aid work abroad. In 2002 the mean monthly salary was 261 pesos, 1.5 times the national mean. It focuses heavily on a preventative approach to medicine and offering the simplest check-up to the most complex surgery, free of charge. But more than 17 U.S. women die for reasons related to pregnancy for every 1,000 live births, a number that shocks observers of U.S. healthcare.