All rights reserved. The British used the fort as a garrison for its soldiers during World Wars I & II. google_ad_format = "336x280_as"; They renamed it Elmina Castle and built another fort on the hill they used to google_ad_width = 336; google_ad_height = 280; //-->. ELMINA CASTLE THE FIRST TRADING POST BUILT ON THE GULF OF GUINEA ELMINA, GHANA. During the height of the gold trade in the 16th century, 1,500 pounds of gold were exported from the Gold Coast yearly. Also known as St. George Castle, it is now a World Heritage Site. Click on the image to enlarge - Photos by  by, Part of the structure of Elmina Castle in Ghana, Elmina Castle - looking over Cape Coast - by. The Portuguese also involved themselves in the affairs of warring African tribes, forming alliances with stronger tribes and providing them with firearms and protection from rival tribes. It was first named São Jorge da Mina. Enslaved men were brought through a door labeled "SLAVE EXIT TO WAITING BOATS" (depicted to the left above) and placed into another tightly constricted room (depicted to the right above). The subordinates would grab this woman and bathe her in the well located at the center of the courtyard; a body of water thought to have been poisoned by the Portuguese during the Dutch invasion. Slave traders would pack more than 1,000 slaves into basements that could barely fit 200 people at a time. Ghanaian officials dubbed 2019 as the "Year of Return", in which Ghana welcomed Black people across the world to re-establish their link to the African Diaspora. Roughly 30,000 Africans were imprisoned and sold every single year until 1814, when the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was abolished. The Elmina Castle is open for visits daily between 9:00 to 16:30. We had a good guided tour around Elmina Slave Castle. When was the first stone keep castle built? restored it. It was also built by the Portuguese in 1482 but The Dutch seized control of the castle in 1637. Create your account. Today, along with other slave castles in It was founded by Portugal in 1482, taken over by the Dutch in the 17th century and by … After the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was abolished in 1814, Elmina Castle became a costly asset for the Dutch, who relinquished control of Elmina Castle and its surrounding area to the British in 1872. google_ui_features = "rc:0"; June 19th, 2020. As a part of this pilgrimage, many Black returnees made their way to the hundreds of slave castles littered along Ghana's coast, paying their respects to the torturous suffering their ancestors endured at the hands of European Imperialism. Heritage site. After the independence of Ghana, from 1957 Elima was used as a school and a From 1637 onward, Elmina Castle became the central hub for the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade, enabling the Dutch to easily export enslaved people to Brazil and the Caribbean. Built in 1482, this was the hub of the Portuguese (1482-1637) and Dutch slave trade (1637-1872) on the Gold Coast. It was used for gold and ivory trade mainly at the beginning. One can still smell the scent of human decay in these dungeons to this day. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Only 25% of enslaved people lived long enough to be shipped away. Building at the castle commenced in 1482 and was finished in 1486. Enslaved women were forced into this waiting room through a makeshift chute connected to their slave quarters. Slave revolts were a justifiably common occurrence in slave castles. From 1637 onward, Elmina Castle became the central hub for the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade, enabling the Dutch to easily export enslaved people to Brazil and the Caribbean. Elmina Castle was captured by the Dutch in 1637, where they transformed the Castle into a full-blown slave fort. It is estimated that about 30000 slaves were traded every year in Elima center anymore. Elmina Castle is historically important as it is the earliest European construction in the Gulf of Guinea, and the oldest castle in sub-Saharan Africa. google_ad_channel =""; The oppressive forced stomped out all thoughts of freedom from captivity with violence. google_color_url = "0000FF"; This door earned its name in blood; after passing through this door, the enslaved were brought to the slave ships, where they were stowed away for the arduous journey across the Atlantic. Soul" Movie Premiere @ Apollo Theatre. Who was the Neuschwanstein Castle built for? The year served as a pilgrimage for Black people across the world, who flocked back to Ghana in droves to reconnect with their African heritage; a connection that was broken by the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. It was used for gold and ivory trade mainly at the Under the rule of the Dutch West Indies Company, around 30,000 slaves a year passed through Elmina’s door of no return. The meddling of traditional relations between native African tribes created a lengthy period of hostility that lasted until the end of the 16th century, destabilizing the region forever. The General would then signal to his subordinates which female slave he wanted to sexually assault. google_color_bg = "FFFFFF";