Asian elephants are slightly smaller, reaching 2.7m tall and weighing 3,000– 6,000kg. Ask your parents to check out Nat Geo Kids magazine! The tusks of the Asian elephant male are not longer than 2.1 m (7 ft). By covering themselves with dirt, elephants protect themselves against insect bites. It is also proven that the big animals are quite scared of ants and bees, which reveal that despite their big size, elephants are gentle. But it's not all about the gushing oil, but also the mud and the water getting out with the oil. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. While human beings require (on average) eight hours … Elephants ingest regularly soil containing iron and bicarbonate. Because the trunk does not have bones, it's extremely mobile. The water is salty and this is what elephants want. You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! They use their long trunks to smell their food and lift it up into their mouth – yum! While Musth is associated with heightened sexual activity, although non-musth bulls also mate. The female... 2. In 1 % of the cases twins will be born. a pre-selected message and a cool badge, Whoo! They will seek to dominate their surroundings and mate with females, a state that can last for up to a month or more. Because the elephant foot has underside soft cushions, elephants can walk almost noiselessly. Elephants are now endangered. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. 4.The tusks are not canines, but incisor teeth. Source: Frontier Botswana Wildlife Conservation Project, The elephant's social structure is quite different to other animals. They don't need much sleep. Yes, we know. Meet some incredible conservation heroes. | Journal of African Elephants. 7.Elephants of Digboi (northeastern India) are fascinated by oil. Furthermore, they make sounds that might seem low to us humans, but can be detected by other elephants from miles away. Elephants living in the forest are sedentary, but those in dry places migrate, traveling up to 500 km (300 mi). They express aggression by threatening with twirled trunk and by throwing dust in the air. These cookies do not store any personal information. They rub their bodies against each other, use their trunk to signify threat or defense and flap their ears to express joy. I think that Elephant are smart by what they do like they make there own sunscreen that is smart. Female elephants are only fertile for a few days per year, and during those days a lot of males will seek to mate with them. Imagine being pregnant for almost two years. A British official working at the first railway in the area noticed an oily substance on the limb of an elephant. A man can be thrown 35 m (116 ft) away with the trunk and 2 tons can be dragged by trunk. In Kenya, in just 10 years the population plummeted from 150,000 to 30,000 and in Zimbabwe from 80,000 to 60,000 (in the same country black rhino population dropped from 3,000 to 300). The gestation lasts for 22 months. There are three distinct species of elephant left in the world: The Asian elephant and, in Africa, the … After the last replacement, the elephant can no longer feed properly. 9.A trunk can sniff at a long distance from the owner's face, grab things, or march across a pool underwater, using it as a snorkel. Elephants also dig waterholes and create footpaths, literally changing the landscape around them! Today there are about 600,000 African elephants and 30,000 wild Asian elephants. Cool, huh? Elephants can live up to 70 years. Elephants remember other individuals and are able to recognize them when they meet them again, even several years later! Hello I love these websites. After a river or swamp bath, they’ll throw mud and sand up and over themselves to protect their skin from the hot, burning sun. According to National Geographic, they spend 12 to 18 hours a day eating, and can consume over 300 pounds of food a day: […]. African elephants have large ears shaped like the continent of Africa! These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. 6.Like children, elephants must be disciplined by the members of their collectivity to turn into responsible members of the elephant society. When spotting a possible danger, elephants stop rumbling. Wooow I love them it helped me a lot in my quiz, […] they eat all kinds of plants: grass, leaves, woody shrubs, flowers, and fruits. Am from nyanama. In other words, when they have become real teenage elephants. As elephants are the social creatures, they form a family unit also known as herd (20-25 elephants … 8.What's the weight of a cloud? It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. But male elephants that were orphans turned into adult delinquents in a reserve in South Africa, as they had never been kept under control by mature elephants. This is a normal cumulus cloud. This prehensile "hand" can weigh 400 lb. The elephant can collect gallons of water with the trunk and then give itself a quick shower; or reach the highest, freshest leaves off a tree. The advantage of the infrasounds is that they can cross vast distances, without being attenuated by the vegetation. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! They help me wanna become a vet more and more. When adult bulls from a group were moved amongst delinquents, they restored order and a more proper behavior in young bulls. Did you know that they need sun cream just as much as we do? 8) In Mount Elgon National Park in Kenya, a group of elephants use their tusks to mine for salt in underground caves! 10 Amazing Facts About Elephants 1.There are 170 known fossil elephant species that inhabited the whole Earth, except for Australia and Antarctica. A trunk contains more than 40,000 muscles and tendons and its tip is very sensitive, making it very precise (elephants can pick up from the floor objects which are the size of a coin). Deep sleep, however, requires a bit more effort and the elephant would usually lay on its side whilst snoring out loudly. That's why elephants are never too far from a water source. 2.An elephant herd can have 5-1,000 individuals and it is led by an old female, called matriarch. I think all of us should help elephants and not kill them for there tusks. Water is also essential for bathing each evening. In the Asian elephants, only males (and not all) are tusked, while in the African elephant the female carries smaller tusks. Elephants also get sunburned, which is why they make sure to be in the shade and often use their trunks to put sand on their backs. They cannot survive more than 24 hours without drinking. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Both male and female African elephants grow tusks, but only male Asian elephants grow them. Today there are 3 species: the large 4 m (13 ft) tall savanna elephant and the smaller 3 m (10 ft) tall rainforest elephant and the Asian elephant, a forest animal 3 m (10 ft) tall. They only sleep four hours per night and they even spend half of their sleep standing up.